4 Areas in which construction Sector has been impacted by Modern Technology
The construction industry has been historically slow in adapting to change. However, the past few decades have seen that construction companies are slowly evolving and incorporating new technology to meet the changing demands of the 21st century. Modern solutions like BIM methodology, Point Cloud to BIM Services, 3D printing, prefabrication etc. has enabled the construction companies to design, renovate, manage and construct buildings faster and better. Moreover, along with increased efficiency it also reduces waste and allows to create more sustainable buildings.
In the current article we will be looking at the four areas in which construction industry has been significantly impacted by modern technology:
1. Planning and Design:
From manual drafting to record keeping of abundant construction documentation, the manual drafting method reduces speed, quality and can lead to a waste of time and resources. Owing to this digitization in the planning phase has been a huge boon. Firstly, the implementation of CAD allowed for construction documentation to be created, shared and saved easily. It also increased the speed and accuracy of drafting with its various tools like automated calculation and enhanced visualization. After CAD came BIM, which has today taken over the construction sector. The 3D modelling process has provided the construction professionals all the tools to work collaboratively, detect clashes, add the required information etc. The adoption of BIM is on the rise and it is today being mandated by many countries across the globe.
2. On-site Construction:
Following the planning stage BIM also allows to streamline the onsite construction process. With 4D BIM it is possible to add scheduling related information into the 3D model which allows to optimize the entire supply chain and logistics as well as ensures optimal resource allocation. 5D BIM on the other hand can be used for costing and quantity take-offs. Apart from BIM, newer construction technology has also become prevalent in other areas during onsite construction e.g. drones are being used for surveillance, robots for repeated tasks etc. Technology has provided the construction industry with better cranes, concrete mixers, earthing machines etc. which has drastically improved speed, quality and safety of the workers. Finally, there are new methods of construction like 3D Printing, modular construction etc. which has enabled the architects and engineers to design in climate-controlled environments as well as experiment with new materials and designs which would not be possible in more traditional setting.
3. Renovation and Facility Management:
Modern technology like Scan to BIM and Facility Management are essential during maintenance and renovation of buildings. Point Cloud to BIM can be used to 3D laser scan a building or a site and create BIM models which accurately reflect the as-is condition of the building. By knowing the current state of the building and providing the accurate data promotes informed decision making. It allows to know what areas need to be preserved while BIM benefits like clash detection, enhanced collaboration etc. can make the consequent construction smooth.
Scan to BIM can also can be used for creating As-Built BIM models which are useful for storage or Facility management. These data-rich BIM models provide all the information which would be needed for regular updates, scheduling, maintenance, to quickly gauge the awareness of asset location during repairs etc.
Another key area in which technology has been a Godsent has been for better presentations. 2D construction drawings are technical and may be difficult for a layman to understand. Miscommunication in understanding may lead to rejection of tenders, grants or expensive reworks. However, first with 3D Rendering Services and today with virtual reality and augmented reality environments it is possible for the architects and designers to convey their ideas more appropriately to the clients, stakeholders etc. They take presentations and marketing campaigns to the next level and ensure that the client knows exactly how the final design will look.
Thus, modern technology has impacted all the areas of the construction sector from planning to onsite construction to client interactions and even facility management. Modern Technology has like never before improved the way the construction sector operates.
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