Role of BIM in constructing Smart Buildings
Today the construction industry gives more significance to sustainability and sustainable buildings where constructing smart buildings would turn out to be an advantageous shift the AEC industry will underwent. Digital technologies such as IOT, BIM Services, Blockchain and other modern technology are the solutions to issue such as overspending, inefficiency and costly terms.
Smart buildings are the solution made to know the energy consumed by the buildings and carbon emission caused by these buildings. Smart buildings are controlled by sensors and actuators with computing and communication system that has increase the efficiency of the building aiding to help accumulate day-to-day activities for the occupants.
Smart buildings function on the base of data which gets acquired by analyzing the design, procurement, fabrication, assembly and implementation to commissioning operation and maintenance phases of the construction process that is run by fully integrated platform.
Smart objects are placed in the building construction to enhance efficiency, security and attain comfort for the occupants. There is a need to embed design of the building in the smart context.
BIM for Smart Buildings
Data fetched from the smart building surveying with BIM can be usable. There would be a need for wiring system to lay for information exchange and buildings will have to redesign their core systems to be deployed. The initial level of task here would be to find few new supplies, replacing traditional logics, adopting new installation techniques and adjust schedule of these task.
Earlier, the construction industry worked on bifurcating smaller tasks of the project and appointing subcontractors to execute the tasks for building the project and supervise the projects. The construction companies are now seeking for an expert who can not only work on designs and installation part of the project but also provide security for the building in aggregated manner.
BIM can help creating model that will reduce workload and keep track of scheduled tasks. BIM helps in collecting, consolidating and presenting data generated by the sensors and system throughout the construction and present at a single command point. BIM connects with the entire building to know data from the smart systems.
BIM can be proven to be a great data tool. BIM Coordinated Services can be of utmost use to the intelligent building to piece out information in the early design stage for accumulating the smart objects while constructing the buildings. BIM integrates aspect of the core system such as lightning, HVAC BIM Services, drainage systems, etc. into the construction process and which can be leveraged to make smart buildings. BIM evaluates the data gathered to construct a small building and grow into digital model to optimize building’s construction and operations.
BIM can provide collective and comprehensive assembly of the components in a building to create new energy model. Scheduling in BIM can really be useful while designing and building a smart building as to know exactly where those smart sensors and devices should go and be in place.
Smart Building Processes and Benefits
Smart Building has improved productivity and delivers a better space along energy savings to get higher profit. It shifts from static environment into a dynamic depending upon the need of the occupants. The benefits of the smart building are as below:-
- It helps to lower the operating and maintenance costs.
- It helps in improving worker productivity and satisfaction.
- Mobile app can connect to collaborative work; assign workspace, open doors, etc.
- Lightning in the smart building can adjust when space is being used or not.
- Customized temperature and light control for occupant’s comfort.
Smart buildings can focus on building data and information after the maintenance and construction costs.
Challenges of BIM in smart Buildings
Smart Build Environment is where the smart objects are built to perform sensing and control of the environment it will be constructed. There are many challenges faced in constructing smart building as below:-
- The location where the smart objects such as sensor, actuators, etc. are set can greatly affect the performance and ability to carry out certain tasks. For instance, the lightning detecting sensor can impact on lights or occupancy sensing it.
- It is difficult to get documentation of data and maintain the smart objects in the building from Smart Build Environment. As the data in the SBE is more critical than the traditional buildings.
- The interaction of smart objects with the environment at times becomes very crucial. Objects just can’t work on functions but also on surroundings to fill the space of the building. All the information will be needed such as conducting a performance analysis of the SBE building along with the information from sensors.
Solution to overcome Challenges of BIM in Smart Buildings
BIM is vital in the pre-construction stage where the data model can be utilized to identify any issues. Designing smart building with ArchitecturalBIM Services can be laid out to plan the design layout and the placement of the sensors, tags and meters inside the SBE building. It can enhance the productivity and performance of the smart building.
It can help in asset tracking and maintenance during the post construction stages. BIM Model can store the physical information of the smart objects and install their location of the data to be visualized in 3D.
Perhaps, in the construction industry the next major development and achievement would be to get smart buildings constructed. Smart buildings are constantly evolving the industry while improving efficiency. There are many sensor and actuators which is applied in the core system of the smart buildings to effectively get communicated with environment and monitor the impact of smart objects on occupant’s lifestyle, projection cost and environment.
Smart buildings are made to increase the productivity of occupants with better lightning, thermal comfort, air quality and security at cost effective solutions than the conventional buildings. Smart Buildings are the future of the Construction Industry.
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