What is Smart Building and how it will affect Architecture Design?

What is Smart Building and how it will affect Architecture Design?


Smart Buildings are types of structures and buildings that have sensors, and microchips implemented to collect data and manage the data to effectively run the building’s operations and services such as thermal, power, lighting, heating and more.  It helps the construction professionals to improve asset management, which reduces energy use, optimizes how space is used and eliminates the environmental impact of the buildings.

Smart Buildings is continuously changing as it is connected to a network with adaptable and intelligent software. Occupants living in a smart building are more productive with lighting, thermal comfort and air quality attained at lower costs and took care of the environment.

Smart Buildings is created while connecting the core systems such as thermal power, lighting, etc. to sensors and control systems of the building. Control system in the building includes elevators, access systems, chiller and shading. Smart buildings settle integration principal that have technology integrated with a smart power grid.

Benefits of Smart Buildings

Smart Buildings is automated systems that are beneficial to both the owner and the firm working within it. Due to actuators and sensors being connected to core systems of the building, it provides energy savings and aids in productivity as everything is controlled by intelligence. It can reduce energy costs, increase the productivity of facility staff and improves building operations. It supports sustainability maintenance and enhances decision-making across companies. It is a wireless technology and can be accessed from anywhere. Due to digital infrastructures enables intelligent building management systems. It improves data gathering and supervising devices along with information and communication network in a smart building.

Smart buildings have sensors in the system that helps to identify any technical fault in the equipment malfunction before any event occurs. Gathering data from sensors are accurate, supervised, and the temperature is adjusted.

How will it affect Architecture Design and its salient features?

Smart Building is improving the building performance and where the occupant can live comfortably. Automated equipment such as green roofs, energy efficient processes and security system must be used in a way that aesthetically appeals the building creation. For the creation of a smart building, Architectural 3D Modeling Services and 3D Rendering Services must be of high-quality, accuracy and include new concepts.

Apart from automated control systems, the smart building has fixed attributes such as windows, envelopes, etc. that plays a significant role in the construction of a smart building. Technologies associated with a building’s system makes the building’s performance improved. All the construction professionals related to building management will collaborate with architects to develop a facility program that includes objectives of making building, aesthetics, cost budgets, energy use and environmental impact.

Here comes the responsibility of the designing team to develop facility program into a design, assess the design requirements, detail the project design and create construction documents.  For smart building construction, designers need to be technically sound and experienced. Architectural design must get used to increase the level of complexity. Designers use the building material based on ease of construction, aesthetics, durability and costs.

With the implementation of BIM Modeling Services, all the aspects of building can be viewed in 3D BIM Model that would facilitate information detail about scheduling, cost estimation, durability and sustainability of the building project. Designing smart buildings can be executed with the advent of the Internet of Things (IOT) that describes the process of devices, humans being connected to a network through technology. IOT is the technology used in smart building concept. For instance, lights of a room can be switched off while no one in it.

There are many possibilities for the architects in designing smart buildings as making the building virtual and smart; the role of architects becomes more ideating towards concept implementation and designing. They make the design more accurate, cost-effective and initiate ideas that aids in making the building smarter.


Smart Building is going to be the most prevailing concept in the construction industry as it is also known as the green building concept that constructs the building or structures according to environment-friendly. All the building material here used by the architects needs to chosen prominently as it will make the building sustain for longer and flexible. Architects will prepare the design of building object according to all the measures of a smart building, keeping in mind. It implies the IOT technology in a smart building as devices are interconnected with a control system of building that includes heating, ventilation and chiller plant aspect. Most of the countries are using these concepts as it is getting compulsion by the government to make the building green, and only then it will be approved.

Written By:
Divya Dave
Divya Dave is a Senior Manager with Tesla Outsourcing Services. An engineer and management graduate, she has been working with the outsourcing industry now for more than a decade. With a passion for writing, she writes on topics that provide an insight into CAD, BIM, and 3D Visualization services for the Architectural, Structural, and MEP disciplines. Her focus is to enable architects and engineering professionals in the AEC industry to adopt the right technology so as to increase their efficiency and profitability.

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